Nodejs Global Objects Examples


Nodejs Global Objects Examples

By bangarsanju12

In the world of modern web development, Node.js has emerged as a powerful platform for building server-side applications using JavaScript. To harness the full potential of Node.js, it’s crucial to have a deep understanding of its global objects. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key Nodejs global objects and how to leverage them for efficient and effective JavaScript programming.


Global objects in Node.js are objects that are available globally throughout the application’s runtime. They provide various functionalities and utilities that can be accessed without the need for explicit imports. These objects play a crucial role and proves to be handy in simplifying complex tasks and improving the overall development experience. Here are the set Of Global Objects

Nodejs Global Objects

This global object serves as the global namespace for Node.js applications. It contains various properties and functions that are available everywhere in the codebase.


Process Object

The process object provides information and control over the current Node.js process. It offers access to details such as environment variables, command-line arguments, and standard input/output streams.

This object is particularly useful for tasks like configuring the application based on environment-specific parameters. Here are some of the examples of the parameters

// Sample code to demonstrate the working of Node Process Object

// Print the current working directory
console.log('Current Directory: ' + process.cwd());

// Print the command line arguments
console.log('Command Line Arguments: ', process.argv);

// Print the environment variables
console.log('Environment Variables: ', process.env);

// Print the Node.js version
console.log('Node Version: ' + process.version);

// Print the platform
console.log('Platform: ' + process.platform);

// Print the process ID
console.log('Process ID: ' +;

// Print the title of the process
console.log('Process Title: ' + process.title);

// Print the memory usage
console.log('Memory Usage: ', process.memoryUsage());

// Print the uptime
console.log('Uptime: ' + process.uptime() + ' seconds');

// Exit the process

Console Object

The console object offers a range of methods for printing messages to the console, making it invaluable for debugging and monitoring applications. Through its various methods, developers can output information, warnings, errors, and even formatted tabular data.

Here is an Example Of Console Object to log data to command line with error , warnings, expressions

// Sample code to demonstrate the working of Node Console Object

// Log a message to the console
console.log('Hello, this is a log message.');

// Log an info message'This is an info message.');

// Log a warning message
console.warn('Warning: Something might be wrong.');

// Log an error message
console.error('Error: Something went horribly wrong.');

// Log a debug message
console.debug('Debug: Here is some debug information.');

// Assert a condition and log a message if it's false
console.assert(2 + 2 === 5, 'Math is broken.');

// Measure time for an operation
for (let i = 0; i < 1000000; i++) {
  // Simulating some operation

// Print an object to the console with more details
const sampleObject = { name: 'Node', age: 30, city: 'Johannesburg' };

// Clear the console

Buffer Object

The Buffer object is a built-in global object that allows the manipulation of binary data directly. It’s especially handy when working with file operations, network protocols, and other scenarios that involve raw data handling.

Have a look at example Of Buffer Object with File Based Operations

const fs = require('fs');

// Read a file into a buffer
fs.readFile('nodejstutorials-file.txt', (err, data) => {
  if (err) {
    console.error('Error reading file:', err);
  // Display the buffer contents
  console.log('Buffer contents:', data);
  // Convert buffer to string and display
  const text = data.toString('utf-8');
  console.log('Buffer as text:', text);

// Create a buffer and write it to a file
const bufferToWrite = Buffer.from('This is data to write into a file.', 'utf-8');
fs.writeFile('nodejstutorials-file-output.txt', bufferToWrite, (err) => {
  if (err) {
    console.error('Error writing to file:', err);
  console.log('Data written to file successfully.');

Working with Timers

Timers are essential for scheduling and executing code at specific intervals or after a set delay. Node.js provides the setTimeout() and setInterval() functions to achieve these timing operations.

setTimeout() Function

The setTimeout() function is used to execute a given piece of code after a specified delay, measured in milliseconds. It’s commonly used for tasks that need to be deferred, such as updating UI elements after a user action.

setInterval() Function

The setInterval() function repeatedly executes a given code block with a fixed time interval between each execution. This is useful for scenarios like polling a server for updates or periodically refreshing data.

const fs = require('fs');

let intervalCounter = 0;

// Set an interval to perform a task every 2 seconds
const interval = setInterval(() => {
  const fileName = `file_${intervalCounter}.txt`;
  const fileContent = `This is file number ${intervalCounter}.`;

  // Write content to a new file
  fs.writeFile(fileName, fileContent, (err) => {
    if (err) {
      console.error(`Error writing to ${fileName}:`, err);
    } else {
      console.log(`${fileName} written successfully.`);

  // Stop the interval after 5 iterations
  if (intervalCounter === 5) {
    console.log('Interval stopped.');
}, 2000); // Run every 2 seconds

Asynchronous Operations

Node.js is renowned for its non-blocking, asynchronous nature, which enables the handling of multiple operations simultaneously. Promises and the async/await syntax are crucial tools for managing asynchronous code.


Promises provide a structured way to handle asynchronous operations in JavaScript. They allow you to write code that waits for an asynchronous task to complete, either resolving with the task’s result or rejecting with an error.


The async/await syntax builds upon promises, making asynchronous code appear more like traditional synchronous code. It allows developers to write asynchronous operations in a linear, readable manner.

File System Operations

Working with files and directories is a common task in many applications. Node.js provides robust modules for handling file system operations efficiently.

Reading and Writing Files

The fs (file system) module offers methods for reading from and writing to files. Developers can read the contents of files, write new data, and even manipulate file permissions.

Working with Directories

The fs module also facilitates working with directories. Developers can create directories, list their contents, and manage their properties using the module’s functions.

Error Handling

Error handling is a critical aspect of writing reliable applications. Node.js offers tools for catching and managing errors effectively.


The try/catch statement allows developers to catch and handle errors gracefully. It’s particularly useful when dealing with synchronous code that might throw exceptions.

Error Object

The Error object is a built-in constructor function that creates error objects. These objects carry valuable information about the error, aiding in debugging and understanding the cause of issues.

Networking and HTTP

Node.js enables developers to create networked applications efficiently. The http module and related APIs facilitate building HTTP servers and making HTTP requests.

http Module

The http module provides functionality for creating HTTP servers and clients. It allows developers to handle incoming HTTP requests and construct responses.

Making HTTP Requests

With the http module, developers can initiate HTTP requests to external servers. This is essential for scenarios like fetching data from APIs or making requests to web services.


Mastering Node.js global objects is a pivotal step towards becoming an efficient JavaScript developer. By understanding and utilizing the various global objects, timers, asynchronous patterns, file system operations, and debugging techniques, you can elevate your programming skills and create robust, performant applications.

Keep exploring Node.js’s rich ecosystem and harness the power of global objects to build impressive and innovative solutions.

What are global objects in Node.js?

Global objects in Node.js are objects that are available throughout the entire runtime of an application, providing essential utilities and functionalities.

How can I handle asynchronous operations in Node.js?

Asynchronous operations in Node.js can be handled using promises or the async/await syntax, allowing for organized and efficient code execution.

What is the purpose of the console object Nodejs?

The console object in Node.js is used for printing messages to the console, aiding in debugging and monitoring application behavior.

Leave a Comment